Are you troubled by melasma patches on your skin? If so, you’re not alone. Melasma is a common skin condition that causes dark patches to form on the face.

While it’s not harmful, it can be unsightly and embarrassing. Fortunately, there are several treatment options available that can help you get rid of those pesky patches. So what’s the best treatment for melasma in Singapore? Read on to find out!

What is Melasma, and what are the Causes Behind it?

Melasma is a common skin condition that causes dark patches to form on the face. The exact cause of melasma is unknown, but it is thought to be related to hormones.

Pregnancy, birth control pills, and other hormone medications can all trigger the condition. Melasma is also more common in women than men, and people with darker skin are at greater risk.

Sun exposure is another possible contributing factor, as UV rays can stimulate the production of melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. And while melasma itself is not harmful, it can lead to psychological distress for some sufferers.

The Different Types of Treatments Available for Melasma

There are several treatments available for melasma. The best treatment option for you will depend on a number of factors, including the severity of your condition, the cause of melasma, and your lifestyle. Here are some of the most common treatment options:

  • Topical Medications

While there are a variety of treatments available for melasma, topical medications are often the first line of defense. These medications can help to lighten the skin and reduce the appearance of dark patches.

The most common topical medications used to treat melasma are hydroquinone, tretinoin, and corticosteroids. Hydroquinone works by inhibiting the production of melanin.

Tretinoin helps to lighten the skin by increasing cell turnover and boosting collagen production. Corticosteroids can also help to lighten the skin and reduce inflammation. While these medications can be effective, they also come with a risk of side effects such as dryness, redness, and irritation.

As a result, it is important to talk to a doctor before starting any new medication. Candidates for these treatments are typically people with mild to moderate melasma who have not responded to other treatment options, such as lifestyle changes or over-the-counter products.

  • Chemical Peels

For many people, the thought of a chemical peel conjures up images of Hollywood celebrities with perfect complexions. However, while chemical peels can be used to achieve a flawless complexion, they can also be used to treat a number of skin conditions, including melasma.

Chemical peels work by removing the top layer of skin, which contains the pigment that causes melasma. As the skin regenerates, the pigmentation will gradually fade.

Chemical peels are safe for most people, but there are some risks involved. The most common side effect is skin irritation, which usually resolves within a few days.

Chemical peels are not recommended for pregnant women or those who are taking certain medications. People with dark skin may also be at risk for developing hyperpigmentation after a chemical peel. A consultation with an experienced plastic surgeon can help you determine if you are a good candidate for this treatment.

  • Laser Therapy

Laser therapy can be an effective treatment for melasma, as it helps to stimulate collagen production and lighten the affected area. The best candidates for laser therapy are those who have mild to moderate melasma and who have not responded to other treatments.

While there are some risks associated with laser therapy, such as bruising, swelling, and redness, these are usually temporary and resolve within a few days. For those looking for an effective treatment for melasma, laser therapy may be worth considering.

  • Photodynamic Therapy

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a form of light therapy used to treat a variety of skin conditions, including melasma. In PDT, a photosensitizing agent is applied to the skin and then exposed to a special light source. This causes a reaction that destroys the pigmented cells responsible for melasma. 

While PDT can be effective in reducing the appearance of melasma, it typically takes several treatments over an extended period of time to notice any significant results. The most common side effects are redness and swelling, which usually resolve within 24 hours.

  • Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) 

Intense pulsed light (IPL) is another type of light therapy used to treat melasma. In IPL, a series of pulses are directed at the affected area. The light energy is absorbed by the pigmented cells and converted into heat, which destroys them and reduces the appearance of dark patches.

IPL can be an effective treatment for those with mild to moderate melasma who have not responded to other treatments. As with any laser or light-based treatment, there is a risk of side effects such as redness, bruising, and swelling.

Factors to Consider Before Opting for a Particular Type of Treatment

Let’s face it; even with the best information about melasma treatments, there are still a lot of unknowns. It is important to do your research and talk to an experienced doctor before making any decisions. Here are some factors to consider when deciding which type of treatment is best for you:

  • Cost: Depending on the type of treatment, melasma treatments can range from a few hundred dollars to over a thousand. Make sure to budget accordingly and discuss payment options with your doctor if needed. 
  • Time: Some treatments require multiple sessions spread out over a period of time. Make sure to factor this in when deciding which type of treatment is best for you. 
  • Side Effects: Different treatments have different risks and side effects, so it’s important to discuss these with your doctor beforehand. Be aware that some treatments can cause temporary redness, swelling, or scarring.
  • Results: Some treatments are more effective than others in achieving the desired results, so make sure to ask your doctor about the expected outcome. Also, be aware that there is no guarantee of success for any type of treatment. 

Closing Thoughts

Melasma may not be harmful physically, but it has the potential to take a toll on your self-esteem. Thankfully, there are several treatment options available to help lighten the affected area and reduce its appearance. However, it’s important to research and discuss each option’s risks and benefits with an experienced doctor before making any decisions. 

At Harmony Aesthetics Clinic, we strive to provide our patients with the best possible care and treatment. Contact us today to learn more about melasma treatments or any other services we offer. Our friendly and knowledgeable staff will be happy to answer any questions you may have. Call: +65 6970 5418. Or visit us at:

Harmony Aesthetics Clinic Singapore
101 Irrawaddy Rd, #09-01 Royal Square @ Novena, Singapore 329565
+65 6970 5418

By Alexander James

Beau Alexander James: Beau, a mental health advocate, shares personal stories, coping strategies, and promotes mental health awareness and understanding.