Diabetes is a group of diseases that impair how your body uses glucose, resulting in high blood sugar levels. When left untreated, diabetes can result in serious complications such as kidney problems and high blood pressure. For this reason, you should keep your sugar levels within the range your doctor recommends. However, this can be challenging since different factors cause changes in your blood sugar levels. The good news is that your physician at Desoto Family Care Clinic can help you keep glucose levels within the recommended range. Below are practices to help you keep your blood sugar levels within the normal range.
Eat healthy foods
Healthy eating is a cornerstone of a healthy life for everyone, not only people with diabetes. However, if you have diabetes, you need to understand how different foods affect your sugar levels. It is not only just the type of food but also the portions and the food combinations. Carbohydrate counting is essential to most diabetes management plans since it often significantly impacts your blood sugar levels. For this reason, specialists advise knowing the number of carbohydrates in your food so you get the correct insulin dose.
You can use measuring cups or a scale to ensure you get the portions right and an accurate carbohydrate count. Ensure your meals are well balanced with a good mix of fruits, starches, vegetables, proteins, and fats. Your doctor may recommend certain carbohydrates such as vegetables, whole grains, and fruits since they have fiber that keeps your blood sugar stable. You may also need to avoid sweetened beverages such as soda, sports drinks, and juice since they cause blood sugar to rise quickly. However, sweetened drinks can be an effective treatment if you are experiencing low blood sugar levels.
Make physical activity part of your daily life
Physical activity is essential for people with high blood sugar levels. It helps lower glucose levels since the muscles use sugar for energy as you exercise. Regular physical activity also makes the cells more responsive to insulin action. These factors work together to lower and maintain glucose levels at the appropriate range. The longevity of the effects depends on the intensity of the workout. However, light activities such as walking, house chores, and gardening can improve your blood sugar. As you exercise, you need to stay hydrated and always have glucose tablets or a small snack if your glucose level drops too low. Your doctor can develop an exercise plan for you depending on your overall health condition.
Take medication as prescribed by your doctor
Sometimes diet and exercise alone are not enough to control your blood sugar, and in such cases, your doctor may recommend insulin shots. It would be best if you took the dose as your doctor prescribes and at the right time for the best results. Insulin is sensitive to extreme temperatures; therefore, you need to store it properly to be effective. If the medication causes the blood sugar level to be consistently high or drop too low, inform your doctor since the timing and dosage may need adjustments.
If you have difficulties keeping your glucose level in the correct range, ask your Desoto Family Care Clinic specialist for help.